Insulation is the key to conserve energy, as it reduces heating and cooling loads in the house. Insulation acts as barrier to heat loss and heat gain which is particularly seen in roofs, ceilings, walls and floors. Insulation is important because it reduces the dependency on heating and cooling systems, saves money from energy bills and moreover it protects our environment by reducing the emissions of green house gases. Insulation is done while building new houses or while renovating your houses as insulation when combined with good designs can meet energy efficiency standards for new buildings. Well insulated houses not only save energy but are cost effective and enhance the living standards by giving numerous benefits to health as well as make the place more comfortable.
Ceiling insulation is the most important factor because it allows highest proportion of heat transfers through roof and ceilings. Insulating the ceilings is a good option because it becomes heat flow barrier between the roof tiles and ceilings and prevents heat to pass through them. That is why we can make the place stay cooler in summer and warmer in winter. We should also consider the designing technique while opting for ceiling insulation because if it does not have any shading or curtains thick enough to block the sun rays than it has reverse effect, as heat will come in and get trapped inside which results into overheating in a house. Insulating the roofs of verandahs is also necessary as in hot climates it increases the temperature not only at the space below but also inside the house. So, covering these verandahs will allow you to spend a lot of time in these areas.
Walls insulation can save heating and cooling energy so it can be considered as another important factor in reducing the consumption of energy. It is essential in all climates as it helps in increasing the comfort level of the residents by decreasing the moisture level, reducing noise and saves energy costs. The wall insulation is done by airtight construction; it includes all the air leaks sealed in the wall during the construction. You can use structural insulated panels or insulated concrete blocks which have superior insulating qualities and minimal thermal bridging. It also has some other advantages like, easier to install, protects from condensation and above all it usually costs less than plywood.
Floor insulation maintains the internal environment by acting as a barrier against moisture entering in a house from the damp ground outside. It is especially important because it helps keeping the feet warm and allows the children to play in chilly weather. It works on the same principle on which other insulation works that it acts as a barrier and prevents transmission of heat. There are three types of insulation are available in the market for under floor insulation namely, fiber based, polystyrene and foil. You can choose any of them which suit your floor and budget requirements.
To maximize the efficiency of your insulation, you can make draught proof homes which reduce air leaking from cracks and gaps around the windows. This is how insulation in green buildings can show positive impact on your houses.
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