Prefabricated building materials are utilized for buildings which are produced off site and delivered later to put together at the last location. Some of the widely used prefabricated building materials are aluminium, steel, timber, fibreglass and concrete.
Prefabricated metal buildings use galvanized steel and galvalume as the main materials for building. Galvalume is a form of metal covered with aluminum-zinc. This is to safeguard the building against corrosion, rust and fire. It also offers a sturdy and defensive covering to the prefabricated building. Virtually all the components of a metal building like beams, frames, columns, walls and roofs, are made of metal. Most prefabricated military services buildings use steel or aluminum frames. Artificial materials are utilized for the wall surfaces and roofs. To provide enhanced security, a combination of each metal and fabric materials are utilized. Plastic flooring materials can be quickly assembled and are very long lasting.
Prefabricated building materials utilized for small prefabricated buildings are steel, wood, fibreglass, plastic material or aluminum materials. These materials are cheaper than regular brick and cement buildings. Materials like steel, fibreglass, timber and aluminium are used as prefabricated building materials for sports buildings. These materials offer flexibility and are preferred for making structures and accessories like stands and seats for stadium and gyms.
For making low price homes, prefabricated materials like straw bale, Ferro cement, Calcium mineral silicate products, composites as well as other cheap timber based materials are presently being used. Calcium silicate bricks are strong and durable. Ferro cement is made up of a cement matrix reinforced with a fine mesh of closely-spread out metal rods or cables. In this type of construction, the methods used are simple and fast.
Utilizing prefabricated materials one can make long lasting, water and fire resistant and inexpensive prefabricated buildings. Most of the prefabricated building materials are eco-pleasant and inexpensive.