If you are thinking of getting a water treatment system to fix your hard water problem at home, you will need to learn how water softeners work. Hard water contains a lot of calcium and magnesium which can damage your home appliances, plumbing system, and plumbing fixtures. It can also cause dry skin and hair.
There are two main problems you will be faced with if you do not have your water softened. One is the hard scale that forms inside your water pipes, water heater, and kettles. These hard scale residues stick to your pipes and plumbing fixtures and block water from flowing properly.
The hard deposits also stick to your home appliances which make it hard for your equipment to work efficiently. Appliances like coffee makers and water heaters eventually become damaged. They will need to be repaired or replaced sooner than normal. Hard water also does not interact well with soap causing stiff laundry and cloudy glasses and plates.
The only solution to these problems is to install a water softener repair in your house. It is not difficult to learn how water softeners work. These appliances soften water by reverse osmosis to get rid of the calcium and magnesium in your water. The appliance can also use a softening agent such as sodium or potassium to soften water.
Filtering your water will be too expensive to treat the water softener repair for the whole house and using sodium is the least expensive and more practical solution. Softeners work by replacing the calcium and magnesium with sodium ions. Sodium does not form hard scale in pipes and works well with soap. Hard water passes through a bed of small beads that contain sodium ions.
When hard water passes through the bed of sodium ions, the sodium ions and magnesium and calcium ions swap places. The water leaves the tank minus the magnesium and calcium and the bed of beads will be filled with magnesium and calcium ions. Once filled with hard water ions, it will be time to replace them with fresh beads that contain lots of sodium ions.
Potassium is another softening agent which is more ideal for people with heart and kidney problems. The problem with potassium is that they are more expensive to use than sodium. Using too much potassium can also cause a hard residue in your softening system that blocks the passage of water throughout the machine.
If you are still a bit confused about how water softeners work, you can ask your softening system dealer to explain how it works when you get a system for your house. It will be easier to understand once the machine is right there in front of you. Getting rid of hard water can save you thousands of dollars each year from appliance and plumbing repairs and will produce softer and cleaner laundry too.